Ladybugs are red with black spots, right? Well, not always. There’s a lot of genetic and evolutionary reasons that they can be different colors with wacky patterns.
In fact, that specific pattern is due to a recessive gene, a transcription factor known as penier. When a ladybug is black with red spots, it means the transcription pattern is reverse. And a ladybug’s spiky larval stage looks nothing like the delicate beetle they later become.